Chronic Knee pain, unexplained hip pain and foot and heel discomfort are all signs of Running Injuries
Apart from falls, most common running injuries are due to overuse, overtraining, or flaws in functional movement patterns or running technique. Some of the most common running injuries affect the feet, ankles, knees or hips, often due to overuse or strain. Fortunately, most problems last only a few weeks, but studies show that 50% of runners suffer injuries each year.
Tendonitis is one of the most common injuries seen in runners, it can affect any tendon but the most common area affected is the arch of the foot or plantar fasciitis , characterized primarily by sharp stinging pains at the base of the heel of the foot.
Damage to the ankle, such as a sprained ankle, or in more extreme cases, a tear or rupture of the Achilles tendon. Sprained ankles are prevalent especially in trail running.
Shin Splints or Tibialis anterior tendinitis, is the common term for pain in the front or inner side of the lower leg. As one of the most frequent injuries, it accounts for approximately 13% of all reported running injuries; particularly for newer runners and is a result of tiny tears in the front lower leg muscles away from the shin bone.
Stress fractures can occur as a result of the repetitive loading that occurs as the body weight is transferred from one leg to the other during the running cycle. If the training sessions are too close together, there is not enough time for healing and the bone weakens over time. A full fracture can result when the weak bone is stressed. However, with enough rest between training sessions, the body has time to reinforce the tiny cracks in the bone and make it solid again.